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7.5 Amendment: An amendment to this publication agreement is only valid if it is signed in writing and by the parties (or their duly accredited representatives). One of the most studied nanomaterials for biomedical applications is carbon materials (nanotubes for biosensors, Fullerene), high porosity polymer nanofibers (vinaigrettes, tissue engineering and targeted drug distribution), hydrogels (wound dressings and open materials release drugs) or dendrimer (cancer treatment) and inorganic materials (silicon and metal nanoparticles) [93, 94]. Fullerene spherical molecules composed exclusively of carbon atoms (c.B C60) have a broad spectrum of biological activity. Its unique shape and ability to “seize” certain substances or compounds within its structure make Fullerene significant, particularly in its potential use for targeted drug distribution or gene therapy [95, 96]. After irradiation with ultraviolet or visible light, fullerene can convert molecular oxygen into high reactivity and cause photodynamic decay of biological systems. This effect can be used in the treatment of cancer growth, viruses and bacteria that are resistant to broad-spectrum drugs. In their original unchanged state, Fullerene are highly hydrophobic and insoluble in water. On the other hand, they are relatively reactive, which allows them to change their structure. The modification results in increased hydrophilia and watering. They are also soluble in watery solutions, which improves their interaction with biological systems [97, 98]. The deposition and transformation of gold-silver particles on polymer transplantation has been the subject of a series of studies on their possible use in electronic and optical detection systems, therapeutic drugs, catalysis and the environment [99-101]. Metal nanoparticles such as iron oxide, gold and silver have been developed and used for targeted drug distribution and diagnostic imaging. Superparamagnetic nanoparticles composed of oxide nanoparticles such as magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (Fe2O3) allow sensitive detection with high-resolution MRI.

Elemental silver and silver salts are known because of their relative intoxtotoxicity in human cells and their antibacterial activity. Silver nanoparticles were designed for antibacterial applications because they penetrate more easily into the cell wall of microbes and are therefore more effective [102]. 2.3 All rights granted to IntechOpen in this article are transferred, under-granted or otherwise transferable to third parties, without the author or co-author expressly agreeing. Changes in the ignibility of 2-hydroxy-ethyl-methacrylate (HEMA) and 2-oxy-oxy-methanacylate ethyl (EOEMA) were measured by goniometrics. The experiment was conducted on a ScD 050 Balzers device, and the processing parameters were: The modification period was 0 to 400s, and the discharge power was 1.7 W [80]. Based on the analyses, the formation of the “new” oxygen-containing groups on the HEMA and EOEMA chains leads to changes in oxygenation. The CAs were evaluated immediately (in 6 minutes) and 386 hours after plasma irradiation.

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